Language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.
1. Simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things. Unlike a metaphor, a simile draws resemblance with the help of the words “like” or “as.” Therefore, it is a direct comparison.
-Our soldiers are as brave as lions.
-Her cheeks are red like a rose.
-He is as funny as a monkey.
-The water well was as dry as a bone.
-He is as cunning as a fox.
2. Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated, but which share some common characteristics.
-My brother was boiling mad. (This implies he was too angry.)
-The assignment was a breeze. (This implies that the assignment was not difficult.)
-It is going to be clear skies from now on. (This implies that clear skies are not a threat and life is going to be without hardships)
-The skies of his future began to darken. (Darkness is a threat; therefore, this implies that the coming times are going to be hard for him.)
-Her voice is music to his ears. (This implies that her voice makes him feel happy)
3. Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing – an idea or an animal – is given human attributes.
-Look at my car. She is a beauty, Isn’t she?
-The wind whispered through dry grass.
-The flowers danced in the gentle breeze.
-Time and tide wait for none.
-The fire swallowed the entire forest.
4. Onomatopoeia is defined as a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. It creates a sound effect that mimics the thing described, making the description more expressive and interesting.
-The buzzing bee flew away.
-The sack fell into the river with a splash.
-The books fell on the table with a loud thump.
-He looked at the roaring sky.
-The rustling leaves kept me awake.
5. Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. The common oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings, such as “cruel kindness,” or “living death”.
6. Hyperbole involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis
-My grandmother is as old as the hills.
-Your suitcase weighs a ton!
-He is as heavy as an elephant!
-I am dying of shame.
-I am trying to solve a million issues these days.
7. Allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, or political significance.
-“Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.” – “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet, in “Romeo and Juliet”.--LITERATURE
-The rise in poverty will unlock the Pandora’s box of crimes. – This is an allusion to one of Greek Mythology’s origin myth, “Pandora’s box”.--MYTHOLOGY
-“This place is like a Garden of Eden.” – This is a biblical allusion to the “garden of God” in the Book of Genesis.--BIBLICAL
-“Hey! Guess who the new Newton of our school is?” – “Newton”, means a genius student, alludes to a famous scientist Isaac Newton.
8. Idiom refers to an expression or a phrase comprising two or more words. An interesting fact regarding the device is that the expression is not interpreted literally.
-Give it a shot - Try.
-Speak your mind - Say what you really feel.
-A piece of cake - Very easy.
-Slipped my mind - I forgot.
-Cross your fingers - For good luck.
9. Alliteration is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.
10. Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.
-I posted a video on YouTube about how boring and useless YouTube is.
-The name of Britain’s biggest dog was “Tiny.”
-You laugh at a person who slipped stepping on a banana peel, and the next thing you know, you’ve slipped too.
-The butter is as soft as a slab of marble.
-“Oh great! Now you have broken my new camera.”
Hello, my name is Coreyon and I am in Mr. Bruce's 7th period Read 180 class.